The Peak Tram

Hong Kong

“The Peak Tram has always been a must-see attraction and with this upgrade project, we believe we have taken it to the next level, and it can take its place among the world’s best visitor experiences.”

Martyn Sawyer, Group Director, The Hong Kong and Shanghai Hotels Ltd.

Project Details

The sixth generation of The Peak Tram involved a HK$799 million refurbishment. As well as the technical upgrade of new tramcars, haulage and control systems,  a new queuing experience kept passengers entertained consisting of five engaging zones: Eye of Infinity, The Beating Heart, An Icon is Born, Once Upon a Tram, and Go Wild at The Peak. A new and informative Audio-Visual display at the Peak Terminus has also been created.

Created by Lindy Lee, an Australian artist of Chinese ancestry, a 10-metre-tall sculpture called ‘Eye of Infinity’ installed outside the Peak Tram Central Terminus is inspired by Hong Kong’s spirit of ascension, and features a constantly evolving lighting display.

Just inside the terminal, an evocative AV presentation combines with historical equipment to depict the transformation of haulage and operational systems from 1888 to the present. Visitors can then actually climb aboard the wooden 1st Generation Peak Tram, to take photographs and get a feel for the times in the old days. Next, the scrolling of a constantly-journeying of an ultra-wide screen video travels through key moments of the history of Hong Kong and the Peak Tram. Finally, a wraparound full-immersion video experience inspires visitors to learn and protect the diverse wildlife found at the Peak.

Winkle-picker worked with the Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels Ltd, owner and operator of The Peak Tram, and experiential designers Sarner International Ltd to produce an interpretive plan and research which acted as the basis for the new visitor experience. The audiovisual software was produced by Squint/Opera.

One of the world’s oldest funicular railways, The Peak Tram is just as much a tourist destination as the spot it was built to service, Hong Kong’s Victoria Peak. Government approval was granted in 1882 and the Hong Kong High Level Tramways Company was born. Construction began in September 1885 and the line was officially opened in May 1888 by Governor Sir George William des Voeux. The steam boilers were replaced by an electrically powered system in 1926. Then, in 1956, new generation lightweight metal-bodied carriages seating 62 people replaced the old wooden carriages.

In 1989, The Peak Tram was rebuilt with new tracks, a computerised control system and two new carriages with a capacity of 120 passengers. By 1997, the Peak Tram was carrying two million passengers a year and pre-Covid-19 numbers were up to four million.

With a brand new look, the new trams are dressed in a bespoke ‘Peak Tram Green’ colour, which calls on the Peak Tram’s historic third and fourth-generation tramcars that served from 1948 to 1959 and 1959 to 1989 respectively. The new model is made in Switzerland by international manufacturers Garaventa, CWA, and Frey. Aside from wider doors and step-free access for persons with disabilities, the new tramcars have also increased their maximum capacity from 120 passengers to 210. There are larger windows on the tram for visitors to fully soak in the panoramic views of the Hong Kong skyline.